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What is a Migraine?


A migraine is a headache that causes banging in the head or a pulsing sensation, and the pain usually begins in the forehead before it spreads to other parts of the head.

The headache increases in pain and any activity, movement, or bright light makes the pain worse. Migraine headaches are usually associated with symptoms like nausea and vomiting and other medical conditions.

There are several types of migraine headaches. The most common types are classic migraines and common migraines. Here’s a list of the different types of migraines below:

  • Classic migraines
  • Common migraines
  • Migraines without head pain
  • Retinal migraines
  • Ice pick headaches
  • Cluster headaches
  • Cervicogenic headaches                                                                                                                      

Symptoms of migraine

  • Intense banging or dull aching pain on your head(sometimes, it could be one-sided, other times it could be on both sides).
  • Pain in the head the more you engage in physical activities.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Blurred visions or you start seeing blind spots all of a sudden.
  • Stuffy nose
  • Tender scalp
  • Lightheadedness
  • Undue tiredness and anxiety.
  • Stuff or “tender neck.”                                                                                                                         

Causes of migraine

There’s no specific cause for migraine, but there are factors that contribute to it, like genetics and environmental factors.

Here are some causes of migraines; they include:

1. Hormonal changes in women: Women tend to experience migraines when there’s a fluctuation in estrogen, such as before or during pregnancy, during periods, and menopause.

2. Drinks: Intake of alcoholic drinks or caffeine can cause a migraine.

3. Foods: Some foods cause migraines. Some of them include chocolate, cocoa, nuts, peanut butter, lentils, figs, and a host of others.

4. Stress from work, school, and home activities cause migraines.

5. Sensory stimuli such as bright lights, strong smells, and loud sounds can cause migraines.

5. Little sleep or too much sleep can cause migraines too.

Prevention of migraine

1. Stay away from loud noises and bright lights

Too many bright lights and loud sounds can trigger migraines. and often unavoidable, but there are times when you have the power to control them. You can choose to be in a cinema where the noise is too loud and you can choose to walk in the sun without protecting your eyes. As much as you can, avoid loud noises and bright lights. Take screen breaks and adjust the brightness of the screen you watch regularly.

2. Monitor your food choices

Pay attention to the kind of food and drinks you consume because some foods cause migraines. Some of them include chocolate, red wine, cheese, sweeteners, etc.

3. Maintain a regular eating and sleeping habit

Skipping meals or incessant fasting can cause migraines. Ensure that you follow a set routine for eating your breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Hunger and dehydration will only cause your migraine to increase.

Also, sleep has to be regulated. Too much sleep can cause migraines, and too little sleep can cause migraines too. So set a timer for a moderate sleep of 5-8 hours.

4. Avoid stress

As much as possible, try to avoid stress. Employ different relaxation methods like exercises, yoga, and meditation. And try to keep your reaction to stressful situations under control.

Note: The information in this article is for educational purposes only. Medical Marijuana Cards California is not trying to give you any professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Do not use the information on this page to try to diagnose yourself or give yourself treatment. Before making a decision on how and where to treat a medical condition, you should always talk to a doctor.

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You can get a medical marijuana ID card with a physician’s recommendation. If you have one, your cannabis purchases are exempt from sales and use tax. Medical marijuana ID cards are valid for up to one year. Both patients and their primary caregivers can get a card.